We have two blood pressure monitors. The first is the kind you see in hospital rooms; big...really big. That one stopped working about 6 months ago and we replaced it with a much more portable smaller machine. We regularly are taking Evie's blood pressure and e-mailing the numbers to the nephrology (kidney) department at the Children's Hospital.We have been dealing with Evie's high blood pressure since she was an infant. She had part of her kidney removed when she was about 17 months old because of Wilms Tumor, which about 50% of the kids with WAGR will develop. Whether it was the chemotherapy, the partial nephrectomy, or "just one of those things", we really don't know; but Evie's blood pressure sky-rocketed.
At that point, we had never met with nephrology; only oncology (cancer department) and urology. However,one of the doctors who was supposed to sedate Evie for an MRI saw that her blood pressure was averaging around 140/120 and he refused to sedate her until someone from nephrology came to consult with us. Especially considering that infants blood pressure should be lower than adults, and this isn't the blood pressure you want to see in an adult, we were pretty fortunate that the sedation doctor put his foot down.Since then, I have had to kind of "put my cranky pants on" a couple of times with nephrology. They have never really treated Evie's high blood pressure with the aggressiveness that I'd like to see. People with WAGR have an increased risk for kidney failure down the road. The higher a person's blood pressure, the greater strain is put on the kidneys. It only seems logical to me that we would want to keep Evie's blood pressure at a controlled, and healthy range.
We've been through lots of medications, and seen or experienced a lot of side effects. The four types of medications used to lower high blood pressure are:
- Calcium blockers
- Beta blockers
- ACE inhibitors
The "non" visible side effects include a raised creatinine level, too much protein in the blood, too much potassium in the blood (hyperkalemia), and too much calcium (hypercaldemia) in the blood. At one point in time or another, we have seen these effects in Evie and have had to switch medications in order to eliminate the problem.
Evie's also been on beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors and ARBs. Actually, I think with the addition of her most recent medication, she's on all three of those right now. (Grrrr...wish we didn't have to keep adding to her medication regimen.)
Blood pressure is such a frustration for me. A year ago, the nephrologist had Evie wear a 24 hour monitoring cuff to see if we could identify any root-cause of the high blood pressure, but the results didn't yield any great "aha" information.We've added medication, taken away medications and switched medications; we've tried music therapy (which seemed to help for a while)...but we just can't get her blood pressure as low as we would hope to keep it in order to place as little strain on her kidneys as we can.
Low sodium diet? Oh, don't worry...we are on that day and night. We took her off school lunches and pack her lunch every day. I don't bother buying many things that say, "just add water" because "just add water" usually means "here's your entire day's worth of sodium."A recommended sodium amount for an adult who needs to reduce his or her intake is 2 grams...an example of what that equates to would be two bowls of chicken noodle soup. Here are some other things we've done to try to limit Evie's sodium intake:
- I have begun to shop for foods that have fewer than 100 mg. of sodium per serving.
- I never add salt to anything, even if a recipe calls for it.
- I buy many things organic, like peanut butter, because I've found that much of the organic foods have lower sodium.
- I don't let labels fool me! A label may say, "Low Sodium" or "Half the Sodium," but I still want to check the amount of sodium because I don't know to what they are "comparing" their measurement.
Evie's blood pressure is a daily reminder to me that I am not in control, and that medicine can only do so much. I try to remember to give it to the Lord who already knows the plans for Evie's life.In the meantime, we'll continue to monitor, add whatever we need to in attempts to keep her blood pressure lower, and, of course, enjoy having some of the coolest "doctor" equipment right here in the comfort of our own home.